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Table 1 Measurement model

From: Impact of dark tetrad personality traits on nascent entrepreneurial behavior: the mediating role of entrepreneurial intention

Variable and construct Loading VIF Cronbach’s alpha Composite reliability AVE
Narcissism   1.072 0.945 0.953 0.695
 NAR 1 0.916     
 NAR 2 0.840     
 NAR 3 0.864     
 NAR 4 0.837     
 NAR 5 0.836     
 NAR 6 0.845     
 NAR 7 0.745     
 NAR 8 0.835     
 NAR 9 0.778     
Psychopathy   1.032 0.914 0.928 0.590
 PSY 1 0.781     
 PSY 2 0.757     
 PSY 3 0.786     
 PSY 4 0.737     
 PSY 5 0.762     
 PSY 6 0.731     
 PSY 7 0.762     
 PSY 8 0.779     
 PSY 9 0.815     
Machiavellianism   1.148 0.945 0.953 0.694
 MAC 1 0.860     
 MAC 2 0.811     
 MAC 3 0.838     
 MAC 4 0.800     
 MAC 5 0.794     
 MAC 6 0.842     
 MAC 7 0.864     
 MAC 8 0.879     
 MAC 9 0.808     
Sadism   1.113 0.938 0.947 0.666
 SAD 1 0.784     
 SAD 2 0.840     
 SAD 3 0.802     
 SAD 4 0.836     
 SAD 5 0.814     
 SAD 6 0.789     
 SAD 7 0.846     
 SAD 8 0.824     
 SAD 9 0.809     
Entrepreneurial intention   1.159 0.937 0.952 0.799
 EI 1 0.891     
 EI 2 0.894     
 EI 3 0.852     
 EI 4 0.917     
 EI 5 0.922     
Nascent entrepreneurial behavior   0.954 0.961 0.799
 NEB 1 0.801     
 NEB 2 0.895     
 NEB 3 0.856     
 NEB 4 0.862     
 NEB 5 0.883     
 NEB 6 0.861     
 NEB 7 0.864     
 NEB 8 0.917     
  1. Notes. VIF Variance Inflation Factor, AVE Average Variance Extracted