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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of variables

From: The crowding-out effect of elderly support expenditure on household consumption from the perspective of population aging: evidence from China

Variable Description Mean STD
Elderly support expenditure lnsfes The logarithm of expenditure on dependent elders 3.1410 3.7937
Daily consumption ratio con Daily consumption expenses / total household expenditure 0.6580 0.2364
Core consumption ratio ccr Core consumption expenses / total household expenditure 0.2505 0.2238
Marginal consumption ratio mcr Marginal consumption expenses / total household expenditure 0.0647 0.1451
The average annual income per family lnpcai The logarithm of total household income / total population 8.859 2.0899
The burden of supporting dependent elders pod Expenditure on dependent elders / Total family expenditure 0.0265 0.0567
Number of elderly people old Number of elders over 60 years old 1.1238 1.2607
Family scale scale The total population of the family living together 4.2918 1.7454
Gender gen Male = 1, female = 0 0.4375 0.4960
Real estate house The number of household-owned real estate 1.135 0.6222
Marriage mar Married = 1, unmarried = 0 0.8969 0.4345
Years of education edu No school experience = 0, primary school = 6, junior middle school = 9, high school/secondary school/vocational high school = 12, college = 15, undergraduate = 16, and graduate student = 19 10.403 3.9505
Age age Age (years) 43.510 10.306
  1. Source: Calculated according to the CSS data of 2017, 2015, 2013, and 2011