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Table 4 Total effect, direct effect, indirect effect of authentic leadership on proactive behavior

From: How authentic leadership influences employee proactivity: the sequential mediating effects of psychological empowerment and core self-evaluations and the moderating role of employee political skill

  Path Effect SE/Boot SE t p LLCI ULCI
Total effect   0.1428 0.0771 1.8514 0.0652 −0.0091 0.2947
Direct effect   0.0915 0.0800 1.1438 0.2538 −0.0660 0.2491
Indirect effect Total 0.0513 0.0281    0.0051 0.1188
  AL → PE → PB 0.0334 0.0250    −0.0090 0.0922
  AL → CSE → PB 0.0102 0.0103    −0.0030 0.0412
  AL → PE → CSE → PB 0.0076 0.0057    0.0004 0.0251
  1. Lower and higher conditions are 1 standard deviation above and below the mean. Bootstrapped 95% confidence intervals are derived from 10,000 replications. SE standard error, CI confidence interval, AL authentic leadership, PE psychological empowerment, CSE core self-evaluations, PB proactive behavior