- Research Article
Perceived market/government influences, politics and justice in Chinese organizations
Frontiers of Business Research in Chinavolume 5, pages490–511 (2011)
Although government intervention in economies has been widely debated lately, the extent to which government and market affect employees’ perceptions about their organization remains inadequately discussed. We took the initial steps to create measures of perceived government influence and perceived market influence, and examined how they might be associated with organizational politics and justice in Chinese organizations. Using structural equation modeling, we found that perceived market influence and perceived government influence had opposing impacts on organizational justice mediated by perceived organizational politics. Additionally, results indicated that firm type (state-owned vs. private) did not affect organizational politics, nor did it moderate the relationships between perceived market/government influences and perceived organizational politics.
Ammeter, A. P., Douglas, C., Ferris, G. R., & Goka, H. 2004. A social relationship conceptualization of trust and accountability in organizations. Human Resource Management Review, 14(1): 47–65.
Anderson, A. R., Li, J. H., & Harrison, R. 2003. The effects of firm ownership and culture on total quality management in China. In I. Alon (Ed.), Chinese culture, organizational behavior and international business management: 223–241. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. 1988. Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3): 411–423.
Andrews, M. C., & Kacmar, K. M. 2001. Discriminating among organizational politics, justice, and support. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(4): 347–366.
Arbuckle, J. L., & Wothke, W. 1999. AMOS 4.0 user’s guide. Chicago: Small Waters.
Boeker, W. 1992. Power and managerial dismissal: Scapegoating at the top. Administrative Science Quarterly, 37(3): 400–421.
Brislin, R. W. 1980. Translation and content analysis of oral and written materials. In H. C. Triandis & J. W. Berry (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology: Methodology (Vol. 2): 389–444. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Child, J. 1994. Management in China during the age of reform. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Child, J. 2000. Management and organizations in China: Key trends and issues. In J. T. Li, A. S. Tsui & E. Weldon (Eds.), Management and organizations in the Chinese context: 33–62. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Child, J., & Tsai, T. 2005. The dynamic between firms’ environmental strategies and institutional constraints in emerging economies: Evidence from China and Taiwan. Journal of Management Studies, 42(1): 95–125.
Colquitt, J. A. 2001. On the dimensionality of organizational justice: A construct validation of a measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3): 386–400.
Crampton, S. M., & Wagner, J. A. 1994. Percept-percept inflation in microorganizational research: An investigation of prevalence and effect. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(1): 67–76.
Cropanzano, R. S., Kacmar, K. M., & Bozeman, D. P. 1995. The social setting of work organizations: Politics, justice, and support. In R. S. Cropanzano & K. M. Kacmar (Eds.), Organizational politics, justice, and support: Managing the social climate of the workplace: 1–18. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Dipboye, R. L. 1995. How politics can destructure human resource management in the interest of empowerment, support, and justice. In R. Cropanzano & M. Kacmar (Eds.), Organizational politics, justice, and support: Managing social climate of the workplace: 55–80. Westport, CT: Quorum Press.
Fandt, P. M., & Ferris, G. R. 1990. The management of information and impressions: When employees behave opportunistically. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 45(1): 140–158.
Ferris, G. R., Fedor, D. B., & King, T. R. 1994. A political conceptualization of managerial behavior. Human Resource Management Review, 4(1): 1–34.
Ferris, G. R., Frink, D. D., Beehr, T. A., & Gilmore, D. C. 1995. Political fairness and fair politics: The conceptual integration of divergent constructs. In R. Cropanzano & M. Kacmar (Eds.), Organizational politics, justice, and support: Managing social climate of the workplace: 21–36. Westport, CT: Quorum Press.
Ferris, G. R., & Judge, T. A. 1991. Personnel human-resources management: A political influence perspective. Journal of Management, 17(2): 447–488.
Ferris, G. R., Mitchell, T. R., Canavan, P. J., Frink, D. D., & Hopper, H. 1995. Accountability in human resource systems. In G. R. Ferris, S. D. Rosen & D. T. Barnum (Eds.), Handbook of human resource management: 175–196. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.
Folger, R., & Cropanzano, R. S. 2001. Fairness theory: Justice as accountability. In J. Greenberg & R. S. Cropanzano (Eds.), Advances in organizational justice: 1–55. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Frink, D. D., & Klimoski, R. J. 1998. Toward a theory of accountability in organizations and human resource management. In G. R. Ferris (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resource management (Vol. 16): 1–51. Stamford, CT: JAI Press.
Frink, D. D., & Klimoski, R. J. 2004. Advancing accountability theory and practice: Introduction to the human resource management review special edition. Human Resource Management Review, 14(1): 1–17.
Gelfand, M. J., Lim, B.-C., & Raver, J. L. 2004. Culture and accountability in organizations: Variations in forms of social control across cultures. Human Resource Management Review, 14(1): 135–160.
Greenberg, J. 1987. A taxonomy of organizational justice theories. Academy of Management Review, 12(1): 9–22.
Hall, A. T., Blass, F. R., Ferris, G. R., & Massengale, R. 2004. Leader reputation and accountability in organizations: Implications for dysfunctional leader behavior. Leadership Quarterly, 15(4): 515–536.
He, W., Chen, C. C., & Zhang, L. 2004. Rewards-allocation preferences of Chinese employees in the new millennium: The effects of ownership reform, collectivism, and goal priority. Organization Science, 15(2): 221–231.
Hinkin, T. R. 1998. A brief tutorial on the development of measures for use in survey questionnaires. Organizational Research Methods, 1(1): 104–121.
Hua, J., Miesing, P., & Li, M. 2006. An empirical taxonomy of SOE governance in transitional China. Journal of Management & Governance, 10(4): 401–433.
Jenner, R. A., Hebert, L., Appell, A., & Baack, J. 1998. Using quality management for cultural transformation of Chinese state enterprises: A case study. Journal of Quality Management, 3(2): 193–210.
Jones, G. R. 1983. Transaction costs, property rights, and organizational culture: An exchange perspective. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28(3): 454–467.
Kacmar, K. M., & Carlson, D. S. 1997. Further validation of the perceptions of politics scale (POPS): A multiple sample investigation. Journal of Management, 23(5): 627–658.
Lane, R. E. 1986. Market justice, political justice. American Political Science Review, 80(2): 383–402.
Li, Y., Sun, Y., & Liu, Y. 2006. An empirical study of SOEs’ market orientation in transitional China. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 23(1): 93–113.
Longenecker, C. O., Sims, H. P. J., & Gioia, D. A. 1987. Behind the mask: The politics of employee appraisal. Academy of Management Executive, 1(3): 183–193.
March, J. G. 1988. Decisions and organizations. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.
Meindl, J. R. 1989. Managing to be fair: An exploration of values, motives, and leadership. Administrative Science Quarterly, 34(2): 252–276.
Mintzberg, H. 1985. The organization as political arena. Journal of Management Studies, 22(2): 133–154.
Mitchell, T. R., Hopper, H., Daniels, D., Falvy, J. G., & Ferris, G. R. 1998. Power, accountability, and inappropriate actions. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 47(4): 497–517.
Nee, V. 1989. A theory of market transition: from redistribution to markets in state socialism. American Sociological Review, 54(5): 663–681.
Nee, V. 1992. Organizational dynamics of market transition: Hybrid forms, property-rights, and mixed economy in china. Administrative Science Quarterly, 37(1): 1–27.
Ouchi, W. G. 1980. Markets, bureaucracies, and clans. Administrative Science Quarterly, 25(1): 129–141.
Pearce, J. L., Branyiczki, I., & Bakacsi, G. 1994. Person-based reward systems: A theory of organizational reward practices in reform-communist organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15(3): 261–282.
Peng, M. W., & Luo, Y. D. 2000. Managerial ties and firm performance in a transition economy: The nature of a micro-macro link. Academy of Management Journal, 43(3): 486–501.
Pfeffer, J. 1981. Power in organizations. Boston: Pitman.
Pfeffer, J., & Salancik, G. R. 1978. The external control of organizations: A resource dependence perspective. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. 2003. Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5): 879–903.
Spector, P. E. 2006. Method variance in organizational research: Truth or urban legend? Organizational Research Methods, 9(2): 221–232.
Tan, J., & Peng, M. W. 2003. Organizational slack and firm performance during economic transitions: Two studies from an emerging economy. Strategic Management Journal, 24(13): 1249–1263.
Tetlock, P. E. 1985. Accountability: The neglected social context of judgment and choice. In L. L. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior: 297–332. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Victor, B., & Cullen, J. B. 1988. The organizational bases of ethical work climates. Administrative Science Quarterly, 33(1): 101–125.
Walder, A. G. 1986. Communist neo-traditionalism: Work and authority in Chinese industry. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Walder, A. G. 2000. China’s transitional economy. In J. T. Li, A. S. Tsui & E. Weldon (Eds.), Management and organizations in the Chinese context: 63–83. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Walder, A. G. 2006. China’s private sector: A global perspective. In A. S. Tsui, Y. Bian & L. Cheng (Eds.), China’s domestic private firms: Multidisciplinary perspectives on management and performance: 311–326. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
Williamson, O. E. 1975. Markets and hierarchies: Analysis and anti-trust implications. New York: Free Press.
Witt, L. C. 1995. Influences of supervisor behaviors on the levels and effects of workplace politics. In R. S. Cropanzano & K. M. Kacmar (Eds.), Organizational politics, justice, and support: Managing the social climate of the workplace. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Xin, K., Tsui, A. S., Wang, H., Zhang, Z.-X., & Chen, W.-Z. 2002. Corporate culture in State-Owned Enterprises: An inductive analysis of dimensions and influences. In A. S. Tsui & C.-M. Lau (Eds.). The management of enterprises in the People’s Republic of China: 415–443. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Xin, K. R., & Pearce, J. L. 1996. Guanxi: Connections as substitutes for formal institutional support. Academy of Management Journal, 39(6): 1641–1658.
Yi, J. J., & Ye, S. X. 2003. The Haier way: The making of a Chinese business leader and global brand. Dumont, NJ: Homa and Sekey Books.
Zhao, W., & Zhou, X. 2004. Chinese organizations in transition: Changing promotion patterns in the reform era. Organization Science, 15(2): 186–199.