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Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: The perspectives of consistency and balance


Building on the Competing Values Framework (CVF), we investigated the relationship between organizational culture and performance. The perspective of consistency and that of balance were applied to examine the relationship. We tested our hypotheses on a sample of 270 companies in China, which resulted in two major findings. First, the consistency between organizational culture and external environment was found positively associated with organizational performance. Consistency was operationalized as a match between an organization’s current culture and its preferred future culture. Second, balance of organizational culture was found positively correlate with organizational performance. A balanced culture was defined as one in which values of each of the CVF culture types are equally held.


在竞争价值观框架的基础上, 研究企业文化与企业绩效关系, 发现: 首先, 企业文化与内外部环境之间一致性越好, 即现状文化和目标文化一致性越好, 企业的人力资源开发水平和财务绩效都会越好: 其次, 对于成立时间较长的企业来说, 企业文化越是均衡发展, 即现状文化在四种类型的分布上越趋于均匀一致, 企业的人力资源开发水平会越好。


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Correspondence to Mian Zhang.

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Translated and revised from Kexuexue yu kexue jishu guanli 科学学与科学技术맜理(Science of Science and Management of S. & T.), 2007, 28(8): 140–148

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About this article


  • organizational culture
  • organizational performance
  • consistency
  • balance


  • 企业文化
  • 企业绩效
  • 致性
  • 均衡性