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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: The perspectives of consistency and balance

Frontiers of Business Research in ChinaSelected Publications from Chinese Universities20082:256

  • Published:


Building on the Competing Values Framework (CVF), we investigated the relationship between organizational culture and performance. The perspective of consistency and that of balance were applied to examine the relationship. We tested our hypotheses on a sample of 270 companies in China, which resulted in two major findings. First, the consistency between organizational culture and external environment was found positively associated with organizational performance. Consistency was operationalized as a match between an organization’s current culture and its preferred future culture. Second, balance of organizational culture was found positively correlate with organizational performance. A balanced culture was defined as one in which values of each of the CVF culture types are equally held.


  • organizational culture
  • organizational performance
  • consistency
  • balance