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Uncover the black-box of leadership effectiveness: Leader-member exchange as the mediator


This study is an integration of the leader-focused perspective and leader-follower exchange perspective, attempting to understand the relationship between leadership styles, leader-member relationship, and their joint impact on followers’ effectiveness, satisfaction, extra effort and organizational commitment. 615 respondents from five big pharmaceutical companies in China participated in this study. Results show that: (1) transformational leadership has positive influence on followers’ effectiveness, satisfaction, extra effort and organizational commitment; contingent reward has positive influence on effectiveness; management-by-exception leadership has negative influence on satisfaction; laissez-faire leadership has negative influence on effectiveness and satisfaction. (2) Leader-member exchange partially mediates the relationship between transformational, contingent reward, management-by-exception, laissez-faire leaderships and followers’ effectiveness, extra effort, satisfaction and organizational commitment.


整合领导者行为和领导下属交换两种视角, 运用中国医药企业的 615 个样本检验了领导行为、 领导下属交换对领导有效性的影响, 发现:: (1)变革型领导有助于员工绩效、 满意度、 额外努力和组织承诺的增加; 权变性奖励有助于员工绩效的增加; 例外맜理导致员工满意度的降低; 放任型领导导致员工绩效和满意度的降低。 (2) 变 革型领导既通过领导下属交换的提升引起员工绩效、 满意度和组织承诺的增加, 又直接引起额外努力的增加; 权变性奖励 (例外맜理、 放任性领导) 完全通过领导下 属交换的提升 (降低) 引起员工绩效、 满意度和组织承诺的增加 (降低)。


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Correspondence to Jean Lee.

Additional information

Translated and revised from Guanli shijie 맜理世界(Management World), 2006, (9): 87–93

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About this article


  • leadership effectiveness
  • transformational leadership
  • contingent reward leadership
  • management-by-exception leadership
  • leader-member exchange


  • 领导有效性
  • 变革型领导
  • 权变性奖励
  • 例外맜理
  • 领导下属交换