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Table 6 Positive changes in financing attitude toward served industries before/after the pandemic

From: How different types of financial service providers support small- and medium- enterprises under the impact of COVID-19 pandemic: from the perspective of expectancy theory

  IT Business service Education Manufacturing Medical Hospitality and tourism Public service
Before the pandemic 2.71 0.98 0.93 7.97 3.52 1.47 1.32
During and after the pandemic 2.87 1.04 1.05 8.04 4.89 1.66 1.62
Changes 5.83% 6.02% 12.60% 0.83% 38.73% 13.00% 22.56%
p-value 0.390 0.626 0.466 0.973 0.000*** 0.224 0.105
  1. Notes. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.1