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Table 4 Differences in institution-level factors among diverse types

From: How different types of financial service providers support small- and medium- enterprises under the impact of COVID-19 pandemic: from the perspective of expectancy theory

  Financial institutions Credit-enhanced FSPs (C) Pairwise comparison
Commercial banks (A) Non-bank financial institutions (B)
D1 (p = 0.329) 0.89 0.88 0.82  
D2 (p = 0.082) 0.78 0.64 0.58 A:B
A:C*
B:C
D3 (p = 0.123) 0.65 0.59 0.49  
D4 (p < 0.001) 0.84 0.56 0.47 A:B*
A:C***
B:C
D5 (p = 0.001) 0.57 0.54 0.32 A:B
A:C*
B:C**
D6 (p = 0.017) 0.70 0.69 0.62 A:B
A:C
B:C*
E1 (p = 0.148) 0.78 0.61 0.68  
E2 (p = 0.054) 0.54 0.49 0.65 A:B
A:C
B:C*
E3 (p = 0.006) 0.68 0.64 0.48 A:B
A:C*
B:C*
E4 (p = 0.003) 0.65 0.34 0.48 A:B
A:C**
B:C**
Number 37 108 127  
  1. Notes. The p values in the first column refer to the overall differences between the three types. The values in the table are the ratio of the samples which select the item
  2. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.1