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Table 1 Sample description

From: The digitalization and public crisis responses of small and medium enterprises: Implications from a COVID-19 survey

Business mode Online 19.11 Industry Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery 2.51
Offline 80.89 Mining 0.97
Firm age Under 6 years 12.93 Manufacturing 26.64
6–10 years 13.51 Production and supply of electricity, heat, gas, and water 1.93
11–15 years 15.83 Construction 3.28
16–20 years 16.80 Transportation, warehousing, and postal 2.12
More than 20 years 40.93 Information transmission, software, and information technology 14.09
Firm ownership Private 66.02 Whole sales and retail trade 11.20
Foreign 16.61 Catering and accommodation 1.74
State 16.02 Finance 10.04
Collective 1.35 Realty 2.90
Region Northeastern China 0.59 Leasing and business services 4.25
Northern China 39.01 Scientific research and technical services 4.44
Central China 8.88 Water, environment, and utilities management 0.58
Eastern China 41.12 Residential services, repairs, and other services 2.32
Southern China 6.18 Education 3.67
Western China 4.22 Health and social work 1.74
Listed Listed 10.42 Culture, sports, and entertainment 4.05
Unlisted 89.58 Public administration, social security, and social organization 0.58
Industry Tourism 0.76 International organization 0.19
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