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Table 1 Summary of fit statistics for measurement, hypothesized and alternate models

From: From moral leadership to positive work behaviors: the mediating roles of value congruence and leader-member exchange

Model χ 2 df χ2/ df χ2(df) RMSEA SRMR CFI TLI
Measurement model
 Theorized four-factor model 662.47 224 2.96 0.07 0.05 0.94 0.93
 Three-factor model 1a 1662.81 227 7.33 1000.34 (3)*** 0.13 0.12 0.79 0.77
 Three-factor model 2b 1443.99 227 6.36 781.52 (3)*** 0.12 0.07 0.82 0.80
 Two-factor model 1c 2046.90 229 8.94 1384.43 (5)*** 0.14 0.10 0.73 0.71
 Two-factor model 2d 2566.67 229 11.21 1904.20 (5)*** 0.16 0.16 0.66 0.62
 One-factor modele 3375.03 230 14.67 2712.56 (6)*** 0.19 0.18 0.54 0.49
Structural model
 Hypothesized structural model 695.02 246 2.82   0.07 0.05 0.93 0.93
 Alt.1: Hyp + moral leadership → positive work behaviors 694.71 245 2.84 0.31 (1) n.s. 0.07 0.05 0.93 0.93
 Alt.2: Hyp – value congruence → LMX 751.40 247 3.04 56.38 (1) *** 0.07 0.08 0.93 0.92
  1. Notes. χ2 and df denote differences between the four-factor model and other models.
  2. RMSEA = root mean square error of approximation, SRMR = standardized root mean square residual, CFI = comparative fit index, TLI = Tucker-Lewis index; *** p < 0.001, n.s. not significant.
  3. aThis model combines moral leadership and value congruence into one factor;
  4. bThis model combines value congruence and LMX into one factor;
  5. cThis model combines value congruence, LMX, and positive work behavior into one factor, that is, three variables measure in time 2;
  6. dThis model combines moral leadership, value congruence, and LMX into one factor;
  7. eThis model combines all indicators into one factor.