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Table 3 Hierarchical regression analysis for employee task performance

From: Is transformational leadership always good for employee task performance? Examining curvilinear and moderated relationships

Variable TP
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Step 1
Age −0.019 −0.013 −0.004 0.000 −0.007
Gender 0.221 0.124 0.036 0.050 0.060
Seniority 0.002 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.001
Education 0.030 0.099 0.032 0.025 0.059
Step 2
TL   0.678** 0.515** 0.375** 0.506**
Step 3
TL2    −0.268** −0.281** −0.273**
Step 4
PP     0.115 0.233*
Step 5
TL×PP      0.439*
Step 6
TL×TL×PP      −0.083
R2 0.009 0.298 0.342 0.350 0.374
 Change in F 0.441 17.211** 17.469** 15.432** 13.194**
 Change in R2 0.009 0.289 0.044 0.008 0.008
  1. Entries are standardized regression coefficients
  2. TL transformational leadership, TL2 transformational leadership squared, PP proactive personality, TP task performance
  3. n = 209; *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01(two-tailed)