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Table 3 Results of hierarchical regression analysis for leadership preferences

From: Chinese employees’ leadership preferences and the relationship with power distance orientation and core self-evaluation

Variables Transformational Authoritarian Benevolent Moral
M1 M2 M3 M4 M1 M2 M3 M4 M1 M2 M3 M4 M1 M2 M3 M4
Controls
 Gender 0.10 0.09 0.10* 0.10* −0.14** −0.09* −0.08 −0.09 − 0.21** −0.21** − 0.20** −0.20** 0.13** 0.11 * 0.11* 0.11*
 Junior college −0.04 −0.04 − 0.06 −0.06 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.03 −0.02 −0.02 − 0.03 −0.03 − 0.04 −0.05 − 0.05 −0.05
 College −0.04 −0.04 − 0.05 −0.05 − 0.06 −0.01 − 0.01 −0.03 − 0.01 −0.01 − 0.02 −0.02 − 0.02 −0.05 − 0.05 −0.05
 Postgraduate −0.03 −0.03 − 0.03 −0.03 − 0.07 −0.02 − 0.02 −0.02 − 0.00 −0.00 − 0.01 −0.01 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04
 Age 31–40 −0.03 −0.03 − 0.05 −0.05 − 0.04 −0.06 − 0.06 −0.06 − 0.06 −0.06 − 0.07 −0.07 − 0.11* −0.10 − 0.11* −0.11*
 Age 41–50 −0.08 −0.08 − 0.06 −0.06 0.10* 0.09 0.10* 0.10* −0.03 −0.03 − 0.02 −0.02 − 0.09 −0.09 − 0.08 −0.08
 Age above 51 −0.04 −0.04 − 0.02 −0.02 − 0.04 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.08* 0.06 0.07 0.07
 Subordinate 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 −0.02 −0.01 0.00 −0.00
 Power Distance Orientation   −0.03 −0.09 − 0.09   0.50** 0.47** 0.44**   0.01 −0.04 −0.04   −0.20** − 0.22** −0.22**
 CSE    0.28** 0.28**    0.14** 0.11*    0.23** 0.24**    0.08 0.08
 Interaction term     −0.02     0.15**     −0.03     0.01
 R2 0.02 0.02 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.29 0.31 0.33 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.09 0.10 0.10
 ∆R2   0.00 0.07** 0.00   0.24** 0.02** 0.02**   0.00 0.05** 0.00   0.04** 0.01 0.00
  1. N = 423; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01;
  2. Standard coefficients are reported