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Table 1 Means, standard deviations, and correlations

From: How authentic leadership influences employee proactivity: the sequential mediating effects of psychological empowerment and core self-evaluations and the moderating role of employee political skill

Variable Mean SD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1. Leader-member .21 .41            
2. Company 1.47 .50 .06           
3. Follower age 35.33 7.40 .26** .18**          
4. Follower gender 1.45 .50 −.09 −.30** .03         
5. Working time with supervisors 51.24 44.41 .49** .01 .31** −.03        
6. Working time in organization 73.06 58.33 .50** .12* .45** −.00 .75**       
7. Interaction frequency 2.39 1.29 .00 −.02 −.08 −.05 .00 −.01      
8. Authentic leadership (T1) 4.63 .67 .09 −.22** −.07 .05 −.03 −.09 .34** (.91)     
9. Psychological empowerment (T1) 4.61 .60 .13* .00 .17** .02 .11 .07 .17** .32** (.78)    
10. Core self-evaluations (T2) 4.14 .55 .11 .04 .14* −.01 .08 .08 .20** .18** .28** (.82)   
11. Proactive behavior (T3) 4.03 .80 −.02 −.21** −.01 .16* .09 .11 −.01 .12* .12* .12+ (.94)  
12. Follower political skill (T2) 4.04 .63 .09 .04 .00 −.17** .10 .09 .03 .24** .25** .35** .01 (.91)
  1. N = 275. Cronbach’s alphas are reported in the parentheses on the diagonal
  2. **p < .01; *p < .05; +p < .10 (two-tailed)