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Table 1 Means, standard deviations, and correlations

From: Childhood economic status predicting later income: the role of networking ability and encouragement of participation

Variable M SD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1. Gender 1.54 0.50         
2. Age 33.39 9.35 −0.09**        
3. Edu 5.25 1.52 0.08** −0.38**       
4. Tenure 7.49 6.44 −0.05** 0.49** −0.10**      
5. Job position 1.61 0.78 −0.03* −0.00 0.28** 0.07**     
6. NOO 1.72 0.45 0.04* −0.11** −0.08** −0.32** 0.02    
7. CES 2.84 0.65 0.09** −0.09** 0.21** −0.01 0.09** −0.05**   
8. Networking ability 3.20 0.67 −0.12** −0.04** 0.03 −0.04* 0.09** 0.06** 0.06** (0.77)  
9. Encouragement of participation 3.39 0.74 0.05** −0.11** 0.07** −0.07** 0.10** 0.08** 0.04* 0.26** (0.80)
10. Later income 31.50 K 19.22 K −0.13** −0.07** 0.29** −0.01 0.28** 0.02 0.10** 0.07** 0.09**
  1. N = 3635. Reliability coefficients are reported along the diagonal. Gender was coded as follows: 1 = male, 2 = female; Educational level was coded as follows: 1 = illiteracy, 2 = primary school, 3 = middle school, 4 = high school, 5 = technical secondary school, 6 = college, 7 = bachelor, 8 = master or above; Tenure was measured in years; Job position was coded as follows: 1 = front-line workers, 2 = business or technical staff, 3 = managers; NOO: nature of organization, which was coded as follows: 1 = stated-owned company/ public sector, 2 = private firms; CES: childhood economic status. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01